Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary by Martin N. Muller, Richard W. Wrangham

By Martin N. Muller, Richard W. Wrangham

Clash among ladies and men over copy is ubiquitous in nature as a result of primary adjustments among the sexes in reproductive charges and funding in offspring. in just a number of species, even if, do men strategically hire violence to manage lady sexuality. Why are such a lot of of those primates? Why are women often abused in a few species, yet by no means in others? and will the research of such disagreeable habit by means of our closest kinfolk aid us to appreciate the evolution of men’s violence opposed to girls?

within the first systematic try to investigate and comprehend primate male aggression as an expression of sexual clash, the members to this quantity give some thought to coercion in direct and oblique types: direct, in overcoming girl resistance to mating; oblique, in reducing the opportunity the feminine will mate with different men. The ebook provides wide box learn and research to guage the shape of sexual coercion in various species—including the entire nice apes and humans—and to elucidate its position in shaping social relationships between men, between ladies, and among the sexes.

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Extra info for Sexual Coercion in Primates and Humans: An Evolutionary Perspective on Male Aggression Against Females

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C. Van Horn, E. E. Boydston, K. T. Scribner, and K. E. Holekamp. ” Aggressive Behavior 29 (2003): 457–474. Thierry, B. ” Aggressive Behavior 11 (1985): 223–233. Male Aggression and Sexual Coercion of Females in Primates 21 Trivers, R. L. ” In Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man, 1871–1971, ed. B. Campbell, pp. 136–179. Chicago: Aldine, 1972. van Schaik, C. P. ” In Comparative Socioecology: The Behavioural Ecology of Humans and Other Mammals, eds. V. Standen and R. A. Foley, pp. 195–218. Oxford: Blackwell, 1989.

Sexual conflict has been implicated in speciation due to the rapid nature of evolution with antagonistically coevolving traits (Arnqvist et al. 2000; Gavrilets 2000). Sexually Antagonistic Coevolution or Palliative Adaptation? Evolutionary conflict between the sexes may lead to sexually antagonistic coevolution, but this is not necessarily the case. To help determine whether sexual conflict would lead to antagonistic coevolution, Lessells (2006) has argued the importance of differentiating between adaptive costs (or harm; also called conflict load) and collateral costs.

Behavioral Ecology 15 (2004): 239–247. Manson, J. ” Primates 35 (1994): 417–433. , S. R. Derrickson, and P. Mineau. ” Behaviour 86 (1983): 250–294. McLain, D. , and A. E. Pratt. ” Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 46 (1999): 164–170. Mesnick, S. , and B. J. Le Boeuf. “Sexual Behavior of Male Northern Elephant Seals: II. ” Behaviour 117 (1991): 262–280. Michiels, N. , and L. J. Newman. ” Nature 391 (1998): 647. Mitani, J. C. ” Animal Behaviour 33 (1985): 392–402. Møller, A. , and R. V. Alatalo.

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