By Gordon L. Rottman
From June 1941, the Soviets have been compelled to adopt large-scale shielding operations within the face of the overpowering German blitzkrieg attack, operations which ran counter to their choice for hugely cellular, offensive conflict. classes have been fast discovered throughout a large choice of terrain and climates, together with the open steppes, dense forests, wooded swamps, towns, and in snow and ice, the place the supply of development fabrics differed tremendously.
The first to hide this subject within the English language and containing particular information regarding the trenches, bunkers, statement posts, and weapon positions, this ebook examines box fortifications outfitted from neighborhood fabrics by way of soldiers, in addition to their use of mines, box camouflage concepts, and development instruments. It offers a primary interesting perception into Russian shielding makes an attempt opposed to the overpowering may of the German Army.
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21-26, and Exhibit S, OCT HB Iceland. 38 Whitcomb, One War, pp. IV-5-6, OCT HB. Memo, Col Clarence H. Kells for ACofS G-4, 12 Feb 42, sub: Mvmt of Cargo to INDIGO; Memo, Rear Adm Sherwoode A. Taffinder to Lt Gen Brehon B. Somervell, 10 Mar 42. Both in OCT HB Iceland— Misc. Cf. OCT HB Monograph 14, pp. 60-70. 39 20 two civilian specialists, Paul C. Grening and Clifford S. White, to Iceland. By this time improvement was under way, for the arrival in late January of additional port personnel and the adoption in February of the practice of discharging ships on a twenty-four hour basis were already reducing turnaround time.
Motor transport, although restricted by the poor roads and rough terrain, had a significant role. In addition to organic vehicles, the Panama Canal Department depended upon a motorized Quartermaster regiment, which by March 1942 operated an Atlantic and a Pacific motor pool, together with a dispatch pool of staff cars. The tractor-trailer combinations used by this regiment proved valuable at the piers and for large shipments to the Quartermaster subdepot at Rio Hato. 74 THE TRANSPORTATION CORPS When the United States entered World War II, Army transportation in the Canal Zone, as elsewhere overseas, was a responsibility of the Quartermaster Corps.
The four transports that carried Colonel Whitcomb and most of the officers of the 18th Port to the United Kingdom took a total of 515 officers and 8,869 enlisted men from the Iceland Base Command. On 29 December 1943 the 18th Port was disbanded, and the personnel that stayed on formed the Port Section of the Iceland Base Command. Diminishing activity and continuing reductions in transportation personnel in Iceland characterized the remainder of the wartime period there. 44 The Caribbean Bases While developments were taking place in northeastern Canada and the North Atlantic, the strengthening of old bases and the construction of new ones in the Caribbean area were being pressed.