By Matthew Kaufman
Kaufman examines the educational and standing of British army surgeons through the overdue 18th and nineteenth centuries. Their administration of the ailing and wounded through the wars with France top as much as and together with the Peninsular conflict can also be defined. He concludes with an research of the clinical difficulties linked to the Crimean War.
Using very important modern texts, Kaufman describes the personalities who served within the British military clinical division throughout the overdue 18th and nineteenth centuries, while ailments triggered a far greater mortality than accidents sustained in conflict. Many army surgeons have been in basic terms poorly proficient, and the administration of the unwell and wounded purely progressively enhanced over this era regardless of major advances in medication, surgical procedure, and hygene. govt spending cuts after the Peninsular struggle vastly depleted the clinical carrier of the military in order that by the point of the Crimean struggle it was once not able to deal with a European-style warfare. Deficiencies have been well-known and, on the subject of the clinical prone, this resulted in the institution of the military clinical tuition in 1860. This research will be of specific curiosity to serving army scientific officials and to historians and different researchers drawn to the administration of 18th and nineteenth century armies in instances of peace and war.
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Extra info for Surgeons at War: Medical Arrangements for the Treatment of the Sick and Wounded in the British Army during the late 18th and 19th Centuries (Contributions to the Study of Religion,)
Two had no military experience whatsoever, while the third individual was a retired medical officer with minimal administrative experience. The Board got off to an unfortunate start when Sir Clifton Wintringham, their senior member, died shortly after taking up the post of physician-general. "107 Sir Lucas Pepys, physician-in-ordinary to the King, soon replaced him. Mr. John Gunning was appointed surgeon general. He was a civilian surgeon at St. 108 The third appointee was Mr. Thomas Keate, a surgeon at the Royal Hospital at Chelsea, and a former regimental surgeon to the Foot Guards.
Delivered at the Westminster Hospital (London: John Churchill). 62. This followed the tradition established in Edinburgh by Thomson, and continued by Ballingall, where members in the medical service of the army, navy and Honourable East India Company could attend their lectures gratis. It is difficult to believe that many full-time medical officers could attend Guthrie's lectures other than on a very intermittent basis, while those who were retired on half-pay were probably fully occupied in establishing themselves in full-time clinical practice.
26. Turnbull, The Naval Surgeon, pp. " 27. D. G. Crawford, 1914. A History of the Indian Medical Service 1600-1913. 2 Volumes. ; Volume 2, 535 pp. (London: W. ), Volume 1, pp. 223-247. Such men (p. 222) "held commissions as combatant officers, in addition to their warrants as Assistant Surgeons, entering the service as Ensign or Lieutenant and as Assistant Surgeon. " 28. R. Hamilton, 1788. The Duties of a Regimental Surgeon Considered: with Observations on his General Qualifications; and Hints Relative to a More Respectable Practice, and Better Regulation of that Department.