By Robert B. McKay
"This complete advisor illustrates the consequences of dispersions in purposes, the skill essential to in attaining those results with optical effects, and the way to beat or steer clear of the problems encounteredemphasizing the dispersions of strong debris in liquid or strong media."
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One would never dream of calling such materials "metal-painted"; they are (metal) coatings. Moreover, the term "paint" is readily differentiated in most people's minds from ink: but in the Oxford dictionary ink is defined as a substance used for marking paper (which, as will be seen from Chapter 5, is not strictly correct); hence one might suggest that the difference lies in the thickness of the coating a paint being a heavy coating. How should one categorize artists' watercolors? The difference between an ink and a watercolor paint is not the pigments used, in their state of dispersion, or in the binder of the pigment, if any, or indeed in the thickness of the coating.
Are not frescoes stained fresh plaster? Does one dye or Page 3 paint them? Colored chalks are also known as pastels (compressed pigment and chalk), yet whereas one writes with chalk, one paints with pastels. A paint might be defined as a pigmented adhesive; indeed all polymers used as adhesives are also used in paints, but a colored adhesive is not a paint. To summarize, it is suggested that there is no clear-cut, simple definition for what is commonly called a paint. There are a number of similar materials that are known as paints, varnishes, coatings, adhesives, dyes, and inks, and the nomenclature is traditionally based on why and where they are used.
Hence a Page 9 TABLE 2 The World's Top Paint Producers, 1991, by OutputCompanyML 1. ICI (UK)805 2. Sherwin-Williams (USA)533 3. PPG (USA)515 4. BASF (Germany)500 5. Akzo (Netherlands)490 6. Nippon Paint (Japan)350 7. Casco-Nobel (Sweden)350 8. Courtalds (UK)300 9. Kansai (Japan)28010. DuPont (USA)26511. Valspar (USA)20012. Sigma (Belgium)180Source: Ref. 12. refinish paint is used that can be dried (cured) in the presence of trim at a lower temperature. An indication of the relative size of the markets for these paints is shown in Fig.