By Julian Lampietti, David G. Lugg, Philip Van der Celen, Amelia Branczik
Even though at diverse levels of improvement, the nations of the Western Balkans―Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, the previous Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Montenegro, and Serbia―face related demanding situations in remodeling and modernizing their agricultural foodstuff creation (agri-food) sectors. Their rural sectors have lagged at the back of the remainder of the economic climate in development and poverty relief, their agri-food sectors are undercapitalized and hugely fragmented, and their agro-processing capacities constrained. Agricultural alternate deficits are widening, weather swap is posing expanding hazards to farm earning, and inexpensive imports and altering patron personal tastes are extra eroding competitiveness. further to this state of affairs are the demanding situations and possibilities of adopting the european 'acquis communautaire' with regards to agriculture.
Based on fresh global financial institution experiences ready in collaboration with the nutrition and Agriculture association of the United international locations and the eu fee Directorate common for Agriculture and Rural improvement, 'The altering Face of Rural house: Agriculture and Rural improvement within the Western Balkans' identifies what's constraining agricultural competitiveness in those international locations, examines public expenses in agriculture, and diagnoses key demanding situations for agricultural coverage makers. The booklet expands on earlier findings to supply a strategic coverage framework for remodeling and modernizing the agri-food region and, within the context of region’s ongoing technique of integration with the eu Union, making a dynamic rural house within the Western Balkans. The publication bargains Western Balkan governments and overseas donors a shared imaginative and prescient of the targets and instructions their agriculture and rural improvement rules and courses may take.
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Additional info for The Changing Face of Rural Space: Agriculture and Rural Development in the Western Balkans (Directions in Development)
The ﬁrm’s sterile production methods are also more eﬃcient, permitting its plant to operate nonstop. Source: Washington Post 2008b. 13 In the second half of the 1990s, Croatian retail chains bought most of their fresh fruits and vegetables from informal truck markets. The first step of restructuring the value chain was to procure more fruits and vegetables from dedicated wholesalers, who then started outgrower schemes to ensure quality and consistent supply and increased their imports of fresh fruit and vegetables.
15 In Albania more than 90 percent of farms claim to own their land, but the share of households with formal land rights varies and diminishes with smaller land size. With privately held land, after owners die their heirs may not take the property because of institutional requirements or inheritance disputes. 16 Land markets also affect credit markets because agricultural producers normally use land as collateral for loans. Fragmentation across the value chain raises production costs and reduces competitiveness.
CHAPTER 1 Progress, Problems, and Possibilities The rural sector in the Western Balkans, dominated by agriculture, resembles the rural sector in Southern Europe 30 years ago: many small, highly fragmented, low-productivity farms. Few income-generating opportunities outside farming mean that most rural inhabitants depend on agriculture. Lacking effective social safety nets and lagging behind urban households in income, these inhabitants often end up poor in the absence of any remittance flows. However, agriculture holds potential for the region, thanks to its relatively inexpensive labor and land, favorable climate, and proximity to the EU.